Moscow's ';power'; politics in the Baltics (1)
Archived Articles 26 Aug 2005 Paul GobleEWR
    Trüki   E-post   FB     
TARTU – Gazprom’s announcement at the end of last week that it has begun construction of a gas pipeline through Leningrad oblast that will ultimately pass under the Baltic Sea to the West and thus bypass the Baltic countries and Poland is only one part of a much larger Russian strategy to use its energy supplies to Europe as a political weapon.

On Friday, Leningrad oblast Governor Valeriy Seryudkov announced that Gazprom has begun to lay a pipeline across his region that will immediately allow the completion of the gasification of rural areas there and ultimately connect to a pipeline to be laid on the Baltic seabed from Vyborg in the Russian Federation to Greifswald in Germany.

To be built jointly by Gazprom and Germany’s BASF corporation, that 1189- kilometre subsea section of the pipeline is scheduled for completion in 2010 and will carry gas from the Russian Federation’s South-Russia fields to Germany and Western Europe. Branches to be built later will carry Russian gas to Finland, Sweden, and Great Britain.

The construction of this pipeline will significantly strengthen the negotiating position of Gazprom and the Russian government which controls the company with those countries, including Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, and Belarus, through whose territories Russian gas now passes westward to Europe.

Once the pipeline is built, Moscow will be in a position to play one or more of these countries against the others, thus limiting the ability of these states to co-operate in ways that the Russian government finds objectionable – or in the most extreme case, the Russian government can threaten not to send gas westward across any of them.

And at the same time, the Russian government’s ability to make such choices on at least some occasions may allow Moscow to play up divisions between the more Atlanticist states of the "new Europe" and the European Union’s older members, particularly Germany.

Rising gas prices have made this long-discussed project economically viable, but both Russian officials and German analysts have indicated that Moscow’s primary goal is political because such a pipeline gives the Russian government enormous leverage on the Baltic countries and Poland.

Those four countries, Germany’s Russia expert Alexander Rahr says, are very concerned about what this new pipeline will mean for them, with Poland identifying it as a major foreign policy challenge and the Baltic countries proposing an alternative underground and hence more ecologically secure "Amber" route through their territories.

That Moscow will use its new leverage against the Baltics was already demonstrated earlier this month when Gazprom demanded that the Lithuanian authorities end regulated natural gas prices for major consumers, something that could trigger inflation there and thus by itself prevent Vilnius as well from entering the eurozone as planned.

Indeed, even in advance of this Russian ultimatum, London’s "Financial Times" had reported on July 25 that central bankers across Eastern Europe are convinced that dramatic increases in Gazprom prices could "wreck the expansion of the eurozone in 2007" and thus leave the EU’s newest members out in the cold.
Whether Gazprom will get its way now and indeed whether this much-discussed northern gas pipeline will in fact be completed, of course, remain very much open questions. But even the possibility that they will be represents an important contribution to Moscow’s „power” politics in the region.

And in yet another indication that Moscow views this kind of pressure as most effective, the Russian government has now announced plans to lay a high-voltage cable under the Baltic Sea in order to sell Finland 8.7 billion kilowatt hours of power each year from the Leningrad Nuclear Power Station near Saint Petersburg, the "Moscow Times" said Monday.
    Trüki   E-post   FB     
27 Apr 2015 11:31
Eesti Hääl aprill 2015 Inglismaa
27 Apr 2015 11:02
Salonensemble Lindau - Kaffeehausmusik 2012 - im Münzhof Langenargen
27 Apr 2015 10:33
Eesti Rahvusarhiivi Esimesele maailmasõjale pühendatud ühisloome keskkond
27 Apr 2015 10:26
Rootsi Eesti Päevaleht 29. aprill 2015
26 Apr 2015 19:38
Ella Fitzgerald - Live in '57 & '63
26 Apr 2015 19:27
Henn Põlluaas: Kõne aktsiisitõusu vastasel meeleavaldusel Toompeal
26 Apr 2015 08:43
Nepali maavärinas hukkus eestlane
25 Apr 2015 18:38
Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond loob oma uudisteportaali Postimehest
25 Apr 2015 18:08
Jüri Toomepuu: „Kurjuse triumfiks piisab sellest, et head inimesed ei tee midagi“ ̶ Lennart „Nikolajev“ Mere juhtum (1)
25 Apr 2015 12:03
Mart Helme kutsus kõnes erakonnale eesti rahvast ärkama ja poliitilise ja majandusliku stagnatsiooni vastu tegutsema (1)
25 Apr 2015 10:39
Eesti Maja aktsiad Eesti Elu
25 Apr 2015 10:20
Tartu College'i loengutesarjas mitmeid preemiaid pälvinud kirjanik Tiit Aleksejev.
25 Apr 2015 10:10
Eesti Korporatsioonide Liit Kanadas tähistas sajandat aastapäeva hiilgava tippsündmusega! Eesti Elu
25 Apr 2015 09:43
AKEN 25! Pilk minevikku, vaade tulevikku! Eesti Elu
25 Apr 2015 09:23
Eesti Välisministeerium proovib saada ühendust Nepali katastroofipiirkonnas olnud eestlaste grupiga
25 Apr 2015 09:19
Kuidas hakata vastu Moskva propagandale? Suursaadik Jüri Luik ja meediaekspert olid eri meelt
24 Apr 2015 17:41
Simmareepilet on saadaval Ööbiku koori liikmeilt....... Eesti Elu
24 Apr 2015 16:22
Eesti Gaiderite Kogu Kanada Koondis pühitses 60 tegevusrikast aastat! Eesti Elu
May 23 2015 - Ottawa
May 24 2015 - Peterborough

Vaata veel ...

Lisa uus sündmus