Eesti Elu
3 days like no other Estonian Life
Eestlased Eestis 21 Nov 2014 EL (Estonian Life)Eesti Elu
    Trüki   E-post   FB     
This fishing motorboat, on display at the Museum of Occupations in Tallinn, was built in the 1930s. It safely reached the island of Gotland in Sweden in the fall of 1944 with its cargo of passengers escaping Estonia ahead of the next Soviet invasion.  Next to it is a naval mine, a mere/miin. Photo: Riina Kindlam - pics/2014/11/43605_001.jpg
This fishing motorboat, on display at the Museum of Occupations in Tallinn, was built in the 1930s. It safely reached the island of Gotland in Sweden in the fall of 1944 with its cargo of passengers escaping Estonia ahead of the next Soviet invasion. Next to it is a naval mine, a mere/miin. Photo: Riina Kindlam


“The typical fisherman’s boat was slow; during good weather, the 250 km crossing of the Baltic Sea to Sweden took a day and a half,” describes the written post alongside the boat in the photo at the Okupatsioonide Muuseum. Since the weather in the fall of 1944 was far from good, in fact it was tremendously stormy, the journey often grew to 400 km or more, depending on where you drifted: Finland, its Åland Islands or the Swedish coast, and took an average of 3 days or more.

Many of these boats never reached the shores of Sweden, due to capsizing in the stormy conditions, naval (floating) mines, (mere/miinid), like the one in the photo, or warships or aircraft torpedoing and sinking them. Many of the small craft headed westward were on their maiden voyages and not very seaworthy, since they were usually constructed secretly and quickly. Manu people in such small vessels were also picked up mid-journey by large German ships and taken south-west to Saksamaa instead.

Later, Soviet authorities demanded the return of the small boats which had reached Sweden. That is, if they hadn't sunk after arriving at their destination-harbour, which is what happened with many. I have heard historian Jaak Juske describe one of the places where the "reclaimed" boats were gathered post-war as being along Kalaranna (meaning Fish Beach / Coast), below the Kalamaja ("Fish House") district of Tallinn. Needless to say, these boats, a stinging reminder of departure and freedom, were then destroyed; one of the many steps made to land-lock and imprison a seafaring people, who over the course of the following decades became estranged from their nautical traditions, including fishing and sailing.

About 27 000 Estonians reached Sweden as refugees. Another 42 000 headed for Germany by ship or rail. There are currently two small wooden boats that were used to escape in 1944 on display in Eesti: this one at the Museum of Occupations and another at the Meremuuseum, the Estonian Maritime Museum.
 
    Trüki   E-post   FB     
16 Aug 2017 09:45
Uus pusletükk? Franklini Arktika-ekspeditsiooni hukule leiti veel üks võimalik põhjus DELFI
16 Aug 2017 08:18
Galerii ja video: USA ründelennukid maandusid esmakordselt Kuressaare lennuväljal PM
15 Aug 2017 18:59
Eestlanna võitleb USAs raske haigusega
15 Aug 2017 10:52
Londoni börs nõudis sõna otseses mõttes ohvri
13 Aug 2017 21:59
Asepresident Mike Pence’i topeltmäng Postimees (1)
13 Aug 2017 14:56
Põhja-Koreas vangis olnud Kanada pastor saabus koju PM
13 Aug 2017 10:52
Läti rahandusminister tänas eestlasi alkoralliga Läti majanduse turgutamise eest
13 Aug 2017 10:20
Rakvere Ööjooksul krõbistasid sportlased snäkiks kassitoitu
13 Aug 2017 10:05
Ivo Muru: Peatage see riik, ma väljun! (3)
13 Aug 2017 08:41
Lugeja: tormi kätte jäänud parvlaeval Arabella puhkes paanika, lained olid tohutud ja elud ohus
13 Aug 2017 08:35
Virginia osariigi rahutustes on hukkunud kolm inimest. Lisatud sündmuse video!
12 Aug 2017 18:55
Algas Kanada Maleva "Kolm Lõvi" laager Kotkajärvel
12 Aug 2017 16:53
Eesti: Torm lõpetas enneaegselt Arvamusfestivali ja tekitas korraliku kaose PM
12 Aug 2017 16:36
Jeroen Bult: rasked valikud Eesti ees PM
12 Aug 2017 11:35
Galerii: tugev äike liigub üle Eesti, saartel ja mandril paljud majapidamised vooluta
12 Aug 2017 08:53
Mart Helme: inimeste kõige pühamad tunded on seotud rahvuse, keele, kultuuri, kodumaa ja perekonnaga, sotsid on kõike seda hävitamas (1)
12 Aug 2017 08:50
Viimane laagrinädal Jõekääru suvekodus Eesti Elu
12 Aug 2017 08:46
EESTI HETKED Millist head teed? Eesti Elu
SÜNDMUSED LÄHIAJAL
Aug 19 2017 - Muskokas
Kotkajärve Metsaülikool
Aug 20 2017 - Muskokas
Kotkajärve Metsaülikool
Aug 21 2017 - Muskokas
Kotkajärve Metsaülikool
Aug 22 2017 - Muskokas
Kotkajärve Metsaülikool
Aug 23 2017 - Muskokas
Kotkajärve Metsaülikool
Aug 24 2017 - Muskokas
Kotkajärve Metsaülikool
Aug 25 2017 - Muskokas
Kotkajärve Metsaülikool
Aug 26 2017 - Muskokas
Kotkajärve Metsaülikool

Vaata veel ...

Lisa uus sündmus